You are about to give birth and you still have doubts and, perhaps, a little fear. Quietly, we explain the five basic aspects that you should know about the phases of childbirth and what it entails giving birth.
From the eighth month of pregnancy, and sometimes even before, the uterus contracts and hardens on certain occasions, as you may notice if you place a hand on your belly. This phenomenon, which is not associated with a real pain, but rather with mild discomfort, is considered a kind of training through which the uterus prepares for the big day delivery. Generally, these contractions occur in response to the baby’s sudden movements inside the belly.
If you have reached this stage of pregnancy, you are probably worried about the time of giving birth and everything related to it: epidural, labor pain, types of childbirth, influence of the moon … Possibly go To a course of preparation to childbirth in which you will clear all doubts.
However, on some occasions, the information you receive is so much that you can overwhelm rather than reassure yourself. Do not worry, then we will detail the five basic premises that you should know and take into account before giving birth. Take note!
Knowing How To Identify The Dilation Stage
The dilation begins with the known labor contractions, the appearance of which announces the beginning of labor. The dilation phase aims to get the uterus to contract until the cervix expands about 8-10 cm, which represents its maximum opening. Only when the cervix dilates, can the baby come out of the uterus. But how to identify this first phase of childbirth? The first contractions occur at irregular intervals, last for a few seconds and are accompanied by pain similar to that normally felt during the first days of menstruation. With the passage of minutes, the pain gains in intensity and appears at regular and short intervals.
It Is Time To Go To The Hospital When:
- Contractions started two hours ago.
- Between one contraction and another it is less than a quarter of an hour.
- The intervals between the contractions pass in a number of minutes always equal.
- The pain is intense and is associated with a feeling of heaviness in the lower part of the belly and back pain.
- The rupture of the amniotic sac and the ejection of the liquid take place.
In The Hospital, First Of All, Patience
If the hospital is more than 30 minutes away, it is advisable to go ahead of schedule, when the contractions begin to appear at intervals of 20 minutes. Once you reach the hospital, it may be several hours before the baby is born. So you have to be very patient and not nervous. To feel less pain, you can take a shower, as the water relaxes and gives you a great feeling of well-being. It is also very helpful to walk slowly through the halls of the future dad’s arm, the future grandmother, the sister or someone you trust. If you are hungry, eat some cookie, but do not abuse it. Avoid drinking cold drinks.
During The Expulsive Phase: Breathing Well And Being Guided
The expulsive phase begins when the cervix reaches its maximum expansion. It is a rather short step, though, certainly, difficult for the mother. However, it must be faced without fear, thinking that it is the last stage of childbirth, after which comes the moment of maximum happiness when finally seeing the baby’s face. The expulsive phase is characterized by the appearance of the pushing impulse. It is advisable, when the time comes, to always follow the matron’s instructions, breathing properly (breathing deeply before pushing and superficially when doing so).
After Birth, The Placenta Needs To Be Expelled
When the baby’s head begins to see through the vaginal canal, the worst has passed and the pain disappears as if by magic. After a few seconds, the baby emits its first cry. However, for the mother there is still an important stage to finish: the expulsion of the placenta. With the expulsion of the placenta, the delivery has ended. Finally, the gynecologist may decide to sew certain areas of the vagina if, for example, an episiotomy has been performed, the small cut that is sometimes done at the entrance of the vagina to facilitate the passage of the baby.